Everything You Need to Know About Fertility Drugs

A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
Fertility medication, better known as fertility drugs, are drugs which enhance reproductive fertility. For women, fertility medication is used to stimulate follicle development of the ovary. For example, Clomid (clomiphene citrate) is a fertility pill that can increase your levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), boosting ovulation. Injectable gonadotropins stimulate the ovaries directly. Gonadotropins are usually prescribed when women do not respond to Clomid.
Fertility drugs are extremely effective and are often the first treatment option for women dealing with infertility. Millions of couples who rely on fertility pills safely get pregnant and stay pregnant by using fertility drugs - without having to go on to more high-tech procedures like in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Fertility drugs can help you conceive if your reproductive system just needs a little nudge.
Here are three ways that fertility drugs may help you conceive:
1. Fertility drugs help to give an "extra push" for follicular development, to help you ovulate. For example, Clomid ( clomiphene citrate ) is a fertility pill that can increase your levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), boosting ovulation.
2. Injectable gonadotropins stimulate the ovaries directly. Gonadotropins are usually prescribed when women do not respond to Clomid.
3. Fertility drugs also help to improve and balance your hormone levels, increasing the likelihood of embryo implantation and a healthy pregnancy
Fertility problems in women have become a major issue, mostly due to the sedentary lifestyle which couples adopt nowadays. There are also certain invasive or non-invasive treatment options available depending upon each woman’s condition.
If your doctor has suggested the use of fertility drugs, you must make it a point to know a bit more about it all.
Fertility Drugs For Women:
Fertility drugs are, obviously, aimed at creating an internal environment which is the most preferable to help a woman conceive.
Clomiphene and gonadotropins are the most commonly prescribed fertility drugs among women. They are usually the first line of treatment for couples who are affected by fertility problems.
Below mentioned are lists of fertility drugs for women:
Clomiphene, gonadotropin, and bromocriptine are among the most commonly used fertility drugs and injectable hormones. With their success rates ranging between 60 to 80% (regarding a successful ovulation), they are much preferred by fertility experts as the first line of treatment.
Clomiphene is known to be one of the best drugs used to deal with fertility problems. It has been in use for more than 25 years and is given to women who do not ovulate normally. They are anti-estrogen drugs and work by stimulating the ovaries to produce eggs. Injectable hormones are usually used to stimulate ovulation and are usually given on the upper arm, the upper thigh or buttocks.
Apart from these, certain other drugs including heparin, aspirin, and Parlodel are thought to work in improving the chances of a successful pregnancy. They either reduce the risk of miscarriages or inhibit premature ovulation. 
The major problem facing fertility drugs are possible side effects. Oral fertility drugs (like Clomid or letrozole ) have milder side effects than injectable fertility drugs (like gonadotropins or GnRH agonists and antagonists.)
That said, the most common fertility drug side effects are bloating, headache, breast tenderness, upset stomach, hot flashes, and mood swings. The most common fertility drug risks is a greater likelihood of having twins, triplets or more and developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).
These aren’t the only potential side effects and risks, just the most common ones. Fertility drugs can create miracles and are effective. Still, it's important to know what can go wrong and how to lower your chances of complications possibly.
Side Effects of Commonly Used Fertility Drugs
Side effects are unwanted and unintentional symptoms that result from a medication.It’s impossible to avoid all side effects completely. However, there are some things you or your doctor can do to reduce your risks. Some side effects may be avoided or lessened by taking the medication at night or with food. Always talk to your doctor about the best time and way to take your medications.
·        Your doctor should also use the lowest effective dose. It is why it’s almost always better to start at a lose dose, and then increase the dosage if it doesn’t work, rather than start high.
·        Let your doctor know if your side effects are bad. Even if they are mood-related side effects (which many people keep from their doctors), there may be an alternative drug.
·        To reduce your risk of conceiving twins or multiples, close monitoring of your cycle is important.
·        With gonadotropins or Clomid, ultrasound can be used to determine how many potential follicles are developing. Every follicle is a theoretically potential baby if you conceive.
·        Your doctor may cancel your cycle if she thinks your risk of multiples is high. You may be asked to avoid sexual intercourse.
·        Listen to your doctor. Remember that a multiple pregnancy puts you and your future babies’ health (and even life) at risk.
·        With IVF treatment, your risk of multiples can be reduced with single embryo transfer (SET). It isn’t appropriate for every couple, though. Talk to your doctor about your options.
·        Beware of fertility clinics that are overly aggressive in their treatment of infertility.
On the one hand, it may feel good to have a doctor promising you success and starting with the “best” or strongest treatments first. On the other hand, jumping up the ladder too quickly might lead to a premature fall. Of course, even with careful monitoring and a responsible doctor, you still may develop OHSS or get pregnant with twins or more. In that case, the best thing to do is to follow your doctor's treatment advice and take care of yourself. Good prenatal care can lower the risks that come with multiple pregnancies. With early detection and treatment, OHSS is rarely severe and usually can be dealt with at home.

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